Effectivity Satellite is a powerful Data Vault artifact that is used to track the effectivity of a relationship. For e.g. it can be used to track the relationship between:

  1. Order and Customer, or
  2. Opportunity and Account, or
  3. Subscription Tier and Customer etc.

A Data Vault Effectivity Satellite hangs from the LINK, and only contains the Driving Business Key, Secondary Foreign Key and the Start Date and End Date for the given Relationship.

Example of an Effectitity Satellite

Scott Personal 2021-01-01 9999-12-31
Scott Personal 2021-01-01 2021-06-01
Scott Free 2021-06-01 9999-12-31
Bob Business 2021-02-01 9999-12-31
Angela Premium 2021-02-01 9999-12-31
Angela Premium 2021-02-01 2021-03-01
Angela Free 2021-03-01 9999-12-31
Angela Free 2021-03-01 2021-05-15
Angela Premium 2021-05-15 9999-12-31
Ryan Free 2021-03-01 9999-12-31

The above Effectivity Satellite is used to track the subscription tier a Customer has purchased. The CUSTOMER_BK is the Driving Key, and the SUBSCRIPTION_TIER_BK is the Secondary Foreign Key. The START_DATE and the END_DATE indicate when the Subscription was purchased and when it was ended.

Note: Since Data Vault 2.0 is an insert only pattern, we do not update the existing record to set the END_DATE, instead we insert a new record with the END_DATE set.

Effectivity Satellite and Data Analysis

The structure of an Effectivity Satellite lends itself to Longitudinal Data Analysis. You can identify patterns, perform timeseries analysis or even use the data directly in statistical learning model.

MATCH_RECOGNIZE and pattern recognition

In relational systems, a row pattern recognition task is to detect a sequence of ordered rows from an input table that match a specified pattern. For example, a financial service provider needs to identify sequences of suspicious transactions that match known patterns of criminal activities; an e-commerce site analyzes the steps taken by customers from landing through a social media referrer to a successful purchase. The MATCH_RECOGNIZE clause in SQL allows users to search for patterns in rows of data using a powerful and expressive syntax that is based on RegEx.

One way to analyze data in an Effectivity Satellite is to use SQL’s MATCH_RECOGNIZE clause.

MATCH_RECOGNIZE clause in a SQL Query allows us to:

  1. Define patterns using REGEX convention
  2. Match longitudinal data against those patterns
  3. Identify records that match the patterns

Pattern Definition

In the MATCH_RECOGNIZE clause, the pattern is constructed from basic building blocks, called pattern variables, to which operators (quantifiers and other modifiers) like Kleene Star * and Kleene Plus + and can be applied. The whole pattern must be enclosed in paranthesis. For example a pattern can be defined as following:

(init modification+ reversal)

The following MATCH_RECOGNIZE query can be used on the above Effectivity Satellite to identity Customer(s) that started with Subscription Tier, switched to a different Subscription Tier, and then switched back to the first Subscription Tier they had.

with effectivity_sat as(
  select * 
  from sate_customer_subscription 
  where end_date = '9999-12-31'
select * 
from effectivity_sat
  partition by customer_bk
  order by start_date
  classifier() as action
  all rows per match  
  pattern (init modification+ reversal)
    init as subscription_tier_bk = first_value(subscription_tier_bk)
    , modification as subscription_tier_bk <> first_value(subscription_tier_bk)
    , reversal as subscription_tier_bk = first_value(subscription_tier_bk)
Angela Premium 2021-02-01 9999-12-31 INIT
Angela Free 2021-03-01 9999-12-31 MODIFICATION
Angela Premium 2021-05-15 9999-12-31 REVERSAL

There are three tiers of PAID plans– Personal, Premium and Business. A Customer may switch between these tiers multiple times before finally downgrading to a FREE tier.

Query Output

The query identified the following Customers started with a Premium Subscription Tier, switched to a Free Subscription Tier, and then eventually switched back to the original Subscription Tier (Premium).

Angela Premium 2021-02-01 9999-12-31 INIT
Angela Free 2021-03-01 9999-12-31 MODIFICATION
Angela Premium 2021-05-15 9999-12-31 REVERSAL

See also

  1. Data Vault Effectivity Satellite
  2. Applied overview of MATCH_RECOGNIZE clause
  4. Stock Analysis using MATCH_RECOGNIZE
  5. A/B Analysis on Streaming Data using MATCH_RECOGNIZE
  6. Correlated pattern definitions and Snowflake’s MATCH_RECOGNIZE